— Aramark (NYSE:ARMK), the $15 billion global provider of award-winning services in food, facilities management, and uniforms, today reported Second Quarter fiscal 2015 results with continued sales growth and margin expansion leading to 28% adjusted earnings per share growth.
The calendar shift is estimated to have increased Total Company and FSS North America organic sales in the quarter (and is included in the table above) by 2% and 3%, respectively. The company’s sales growth in the quarter was driven by a balance of new sales, solid retention rates and base business expansion. In FSS North America, sales growth was driven by nearly all sectors. FSS International organic growth was driven by improving European sales growth and nearly double-digit expansion in the Emerging Markets. Sales in the Uniform and Career Apparel segment accelerated in the quarter as capacity expansion investments were brought on-line.
The calendar shift is estimated to have increased Total Company and FSS North America adjusted operating income in the quarter (and is included in the table above) by 4% and 5%, respectively. During the second quarter, FSS North America had solid profit growth from food and labor productivity gains in its base client locations, partially offset by start-up costs associated with new accounts as well as the phasing of investment spending. Productivity initiatives continue to improve FSS International’s results, with the segment achieving double-digit profit expansion in the quarter. The Uniform & Career Apparel segment also achieved double-digit profit expansion as a result of productivity improvements, previously announced capacity expansion and automation investment.
SECOND QUARTER EARNINGS SUMMARY
Adjusted net income was $91 million or $0.37 per share, versus adjusted net income of $71 million or $0.29 per share in the second quarter of 2014. The diluted weighted average share count in the Second Quarter of fiscal 2015 was 246.0 million shares vs. 243.4 million in the prior year period. Adjusted net income and adjusted EPS both experienced double digit percentage increases vs. the prior year period.
On a U.S. GAAP basis, sales were $3.6 billion, operating income was $155 million, net income attributable to Aramark stockholders was $60 million and diluted earnings per share were $0.24. The company’s calculations of organic sales growth, adjusted operating income and adjusted net income adjusts for changes in currency translation rates. The significant strengthening of the U.S. dollar versus the prior year period decreased sales by approximately $125 million, operating income by $7 million and net income by $5 million ($0.02 in earnings per share) in the quarter. A reconciliation of as reported U.S. GAAP financial measures to adjusted financial measures, including changes in currency translation rates is presented below. See “Non-GAAP Measures.”
LIQUIDITY & CAPITAL STRUCTURE
The company’s liquidity remains strong, with cash on hand plus available secured credit lines totaling $690 million at the end of the second quarter. As of quarter end, total debt was $5.6 billion. The company’s trailing 12-month total debt to adjusted EBITDA ratio was 4.3x, an improvement of 30 basis points versus a year ago. This is due to a combination of adjusted EBITDA growth and lower average debt levels.
2015 OUTLOOK & CURRENCY IMPACT
The company’s constant-currency adjusted earnings per share outlook for the year is unchanged at $1.60-$1.70. At current exchange rates, we anticipate an approximate $0.10 per share headwind from translation, resulting in an adjusted range of $1.50-$1.60. On a full year basis, at current currency exchange rates, the impact on both sales and adjusted operating income would be a reduction of approximately 3%.
CONFERENCE CALL SCHEDULED
The company has scheduled a conference call at 10 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time today to discuss its earnings and review its outlook for the remainder of the year. This call and related materials can be reviewed, either live or on a delayed basis, on the company's web site, www.aramark.com on the investor relations page.
Aramark (NYSE: ARMK) is in the customer service business across food, facilities and uniforms, wherever people work, learn, recover, and play. United by a passion to serve, our approximately 270,000 employees deliver experiences that enrich and nourish the lives of millions of people in 21 countries around the world every day. Aramark is recognized among the Most Admired Companies by FORTUNE and the World’s Most Ethical Companies by the Ethisphere Institute. Learn more at www.aramark.com or connect with us on Facebook and Twitter.
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Selected Operational and Financial Metrics
Adjusted Sales (Organic)
Management believes that presentation of sales growth, adjusted to eliminate the effects of acquisitions and divestitures and the impact of currency translation, provides useful information to investors because it enhances comparability between the current year and prior year reporting periods. Elimination of the currency translation effect provides constant currency comparisons without the distortion of currency rate fluctuations.
Adjusted Operating Income
Adjusted operating income represents operating income adjusted to eliminate the change in amortization of acquisition-related customer relationship intangible assets and depreciation of property and equipment resulting from the going-private transaction in 2007 (the "Transaction"); the impact of the change in fair value related to the gasoline and diesel agreements; severance and other charges; share-based compensation; the effects of acquisitions and divestitures and the impact of currency translation and other items impacting comparability.
Adjusted EBITDA represents Adjusted Operating Income further adjusted to exclude the impact of all other depreciation and amortization expense.
Adjusted Net Income
Adjusted Net Income represents net income attributable to Aramark stockholders adjusted to eliminate the impact of discontinued operations; the change in amortization of acquisition-related customer relationship intangible assets and depreciation of property and equipment resulting from the Transaction; the impact of changes in the fair value related to the gasoline and diesel agreements; severance and other charges; share-based compensation; the effects of acquisitions and divestitures and the impact of currency translation and other items impacting comparability, less the tax impact of these adjustments. Management believes that presentation of net income as adjusted is useful information to investors because we use such information when evaluating net income to better evaluate the underlying operating performance of the company.
We use Adjusted Sales, Adjusted Operating Income, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Net Income as supplemental measures of our operating profitability and to operate and control our cash operating costs to evaluate our performance. These financial metrics are not measurements of financial performance under generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or U.S. GAAP. We believe the presentation of these metrics is appropriate to provide additional information to investors about our operating performance. Our presentation of these metrics has limitations as an analytical tool, and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under U.S. GAAP. You should not consider these measures as alternatives to sales, operating income or net income, determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Adjusted Sales, Adjusted Operating Income, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Net Income, as presented by us, may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies because not all companies use identical calculations.
Explanatory Notes to the Non-GAAP Schedules
Amortization of acquisition related customer relationship intangible assets and depreciation of property and equipment resulting from the Transaction - adjustments to eliminate the change in amortization and depreciation resulting from the purchase accounting applied to the January 26, 2007 going-private transaction executed with investment funds affiliated with GS Capital Partners, CCMP Capital Advisors, LLC and J.P. Morgan Partners, LLC, Thomas H. Lee Partners, L.P. and Warburg Pincus LLC as well as approximately 250 senior management personnel.
Share-based compensation - adjustments to eliminate compensation expense related to the company's issuances of share-based awards and the related employer payroll tax expense incurred by the company when employees exercise in the money stock options or vest in restricted stock awards. This adjustment excludes the expense related to the modification of missed year options in connection with the initial public offering which are included in the Initial public offering and related expenses adjustment noted below.
Effect of currency translation - adjustments to eliminate the impact that fluctuations in currency translation rates had on the comparative results by presenting the periods on a constant currency basis.
Severance and other charges - adjustments to eliminate severance expenses and other costs incurred in the applicable period such as costs incurred to start-up our Business Service Center in Nashville, TN ($3.7 million for the first quarter of 2015 and $5.0 million for the first quarter of 2014), organizational streamlining initiatives ($0.8 million expense reduction for the first quarter of 2015), and other consulting costs related to transformation initiatives ($5.6 million for the first quarter of 2015).
Effects of acquisitions and divestitures - adjustments to eliminate the impact that acquisitions and divestitures had on the comparative periods by only presenting the acquired or divested businesses for the same periods of time in each period of the comparison.
Branding - adjustments to eliminate the expenses incurred in the period for the Aramark rebranding, such as costs related to the logo redesign, painting of trucks, changing signage, advertising, an internal new brand roll-out meeting, including travel and lodging expenses for company employees to attend this meeting.
Initial public offering and related expenses - adjustments to eliminate non-cash compensation expense ($36.9 million for first quarter of 2014) related to the modification of missed year options in connection with the initial public offering, bonuses paid ($4.3 million for the first quarter of 2014) to select senior management individuals related to the successful completion of the initial public offering and other costs attributable to the completion of the initial public offering.
Gains, losses and settlements impacting comparability - adjustments to eliminate certain transactions that are not indicative of our ongoing operational performance such as the loss on the McKinley Chalet divestiture ($6.7 million for first quarter of 2014), insurance reserve adjustments due to favorable claims experience ($8.3 million for the first quarter of 2015 and $3.9 million for the first quarter of 2014), expenses related to a secondary offering of common stock by certain of our stockholders in December of 2014 ($1.1 million for the first quarter of 2015), the impact of the change in fair value related to gasoline and diesel agreements ($3.6 million for the first quarter of 2015 and $0.3 million expense reduction for the first quarter of 2014) and other miscellaneous expenses.
Effects of refinancing on interest and other financing costs, net - adjustments to eliminate expenses associated with refinancing activities undertaken by the Company in the applicable period such as third party costs and non-cash charges for the write-offs of deferring financing costs.
This press release includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that reflect our current views as to future events and financial performance with respect to, without limitation, conditions in our industry, our operations, our economic performance and financial condition, including, in particular, statements relating to our business and growth strategy. These statements can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. They use words such as “outlook,” “aim,” “anticipate,” “are confident,” “have confidence,” “estimate,” “expect,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result,” “project,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “see,” “look to” and other words and terms of similar meaning or the negative versions of such words.
Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date made. All statements we make relating to our estimated and projected earnings, costs, expenditures, cash flows, growth rates and financial results are forward-looking statements. In addition, we, through our senior management, from time to time make forward-looking public statements concerning our expected future operations and performance and other developments. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that may change at any time, and, therefore, our actual results may differ materially from those that we expected. We derive many of our forward-looking statements from our operating budgets and forecasts, which are based upon many detailed assumptions. While we believe that our assumptions are reasonable, we caution that it is very difficult to predict the impact of known factors, and, of course, it is impossible for us to anticipate all factors that could affect our actual results. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us, or persons acting on our behalf, are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements. Some of the factors that we believe could affect our results include without limitation: unfavorable economic conditions; natural disasters, global calamities, sports strikes and other adverse incidents; the failure to retain current clients, renew existing client contracts and obtain new client contracts; a determination by clients to reduce their outsourcing or use of preferred vendors; competition in our industries; increased operating costs and obstacles to cost recovery due to the pricing and cancellation terms of our food and support services contracts; the inability to achieve cost savings through our cost reduction efforts; our expansion strategy; the failure to maintain food safety throughout our supply chain, food-borne illness concerns and claims of illness or injury; governmental regulations including those relating to food and beverages, the environment, wage and hour and government contracting; liability associated with noncompliance with applicable law or other governmental regulations; changes in, new interpretations of or changes in the enforcement of the government regulatory framework; currency risks and other risks associated with international operations, including Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, U.K. Bribery Act and other anti-corruption law compliance; continued or further unionization of our workforce; liability resulting from our participation in multiemployer defined benefit pension plans; risks associated with suppliers from whom our products are sourced; disruptions to our relationship with, or to the business of, our primary distributor; the inability to hire and retain sufficient qualified personnel or increases in labor costs; healthcare reform legislation; the contract intensive nature of our business, which may lead to client disputes; seasonality; disruptions to or breaches of our information security systems or compromise of data; failure to maintain effective internal controls; our leverage; the inability to generate sufficient cash to service all of our indebtedness; debt agreements that limit our flexibility in operating our business; potential conflicts of interest between certain of our controlling shareholders and us; and other factors set forth in the “Risk Factors,” Legal Proceedings” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” sections and other sections of our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 3, 2014, as such factors may be updated from time to time in our other periodic filings with the SEC, which are accessible on the SEC’s website atwww.sec.gov and which may be obtained by contacting Aramark’s investor relations department via its website www.aramark.com. Accordingly, there are or will be important factors that could cause actual outcomes or results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements. These factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the other cautionary statements that are included in this release and in our filings with the SEC. As a result of these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements included herein or that may be made elsewhere from time to time by, or on behalf of, us. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or review any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments, changes in our expectations, or otherwise, except as required by law.